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Dental fillings are very important in order to prevent the loss of teeth in the mouth and to ensure the continuity of functions such as chewing, biting and speaking.

The type of fillings applied in the treatment of bruises, fractures or cracks varies according to the person's request and allergenicity. Even though there is some regional sensitivity at the end of the procedure, an effective filling treatment ensures that intraoral problems are eliminated, and visual integrity is preserved.

Why Is Tooth Filling Done?

The main purpose of dental filling is to restore rotten, broken and cracked teeth in the mouth. Dental fillings, which are applied using various filling materials, prevent the deformed tooth tissue from going deeper and causing tooth loss. After the tooth filling treatment, which is performed in the form of filling after cleaning the caries and infection in the area, the old appearance and function of the tooth is regained. Thus, eating, chewing and speaking problems are eliminated.

How Is Tooth Filling Made?

In dental filling intervention, first of all, the application area must be thoroughly cleaned. For this, the dentist cleans the tooth decay by carving and purifies the tooth from caries and other residues. Since the patient is given local anesthesia during the procedure, no pain or ache is felt.

After the cleaning process, the cavity formed in the tooth should be filled with filling material and this filling material is determined according to the patient's preference. By using the selected filling material, the intraoral cavity is filled.

In the meantime, the patient is asked to clench his teeth and test for height differences in order to place the filling in the correct position. When necessary, the filling tip is rasped, ensuring harmony with intra-oral comfort.

Eating activities should be restricted for the period recommended by the dentist in order to alleviate regional sensitivities after the procedure. It is also recommended not to consume extremely cold and extremely hot foods and beverages, especially in the first few days. The recommendations to be applied at this stage are determined according to the preferred filling and the sensitivity level of the patient.

Dental Filling Types

Tooth fillings are basically divided into three. It is a great advantage to have different material options, especially for those who are allergic to various substances. Filling types are as follows:

Amalgam Filling

Amalgam filling, consisting of a mixture of mercury, tin, copper and silver, is usually used in the back teeth because it is gray metallic in color. Amalgam, which is extremely resistant to harsh forces such as chewing and pressure, offers many years of use and is a cost-effective type of filling. It is not preferred by people with aesthetic concerns, and it is also not recommended for those with mercury allergies.

Composite Filling

Composite filling, also known as white filling, is obtained from a plastic mixture consisting of silicone particles. Since it is white in color, it ensures visual harmony in the mouth and is easily applied to the anterior and posterior teeth. Composite fillings, which cost more than amalgam fillings, are also high-strength filling types.

Porcelain Filling

Porcelain filling, which has the most aesthetic appearance among all filling types, has a color very close to the natural tooth color. In the porcelain filling process, which is usually completed in 2 sessions, the patient's intraoral measurement is taken first and the personalized porcelain filling is expected in the laboratory environment. At the end of the first session, a temporary filling is placed on the patient, and in the next session, the prepared porcelain filling is placed in the intraoral position.

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