Periodontology covers a very wide area that starts with simple gingivitis and reaches serious health problems such as osteoporosis and tooth loss. Gum disease has symptoms that can be noticed by everyone, such as bleeding gums or loosening of the teeth.
Seeing a periodontologist regularly is essential for early diagnosis and easy control of the disease.
What is Periodontology?
Periodontology deals with diseases that occur in the gums and bones surrounding the tooth roots. Periodontology is the branch of science that deals with gum diseases. It works to prevent the progression of inflammation and similar problems in the teeth or gums and to prevent them from causing more serious problems, including tooth loss.
Diagnosis, treatment and preservation of a healthy structure are essential by periodontology specialists.
Gingivitis and periodontitis appear as periodontitis. Inflammation of the soft tissues surrounding the gums, gingivitis; If this inflammation progresses, spreads to the bone tissue and causes bone destruction, it is called periodontitis. In this process, periodontology comes into play and the disease is stopped and controlled. Of course, in this process, in addition to periodontic treatment, it is important that the patient performs oral care regularly and supports oral health.
What are the Symptoms of Periodontal Diseases?
In periodontal diseases, the symptoms that may occur depending on the physiological structure of the patient and the severity of the disease may differ. Common symptoms of periodontal diseases are:
- bleeding in the gums,
- Tenderness, swelling or redness of the gums,
- Separation of the gums from the teeth,
- Inflammatory discharge between the gums and teeth,
- Teeth begin to swing and separate from each other spontaneously,
- The lower and upper teeth come to a different form than normal,
- bad breath,
- Spontaneous bleeding of the gums during the day,
- Recession in the gums.
While only one of these symptoms may occur, several of them may be seen together.
Treatment Process in Periodontology
Even if there is no problem in the teeth or gums of the individuals, it is of great importance to perform a dental examination every 3 to 6 months in terms of early diagnosis of diseases and easy control.
Diagnosis is essential in periodontology.
The patient's history is listened to, a physical examination is performed, and if necessary, x-ray or radiographic evaluations may be required. In this process, it is of great importance to inform the patient about the process and to ensure his/her participation in the treatment process by being informed about maintaining oral health. Thus, the treatment process can be concluded much more successfully. After the diagnosis, professional cleaning, antibiotic treatment, surgical treatment when necessary, and finally supportive and complementary treatments are performed. The details of the process are as follows:
- Teeth are cleaned using special tools. If necessary, a deep cleaning procedure under local anesthesia may be required in order to clean the stones accumulated in the tooth pockets and tooth roots.
- In cases where acute gingival infections occur, antibiotic drug therapy and the use of antibacterial mouthwash are recommended.
- In the surgical treatment, the gums are removed from the bone tissue to which they are attached and all inflammation is cleared. If necessary, bone grafts or bone powder can be used to reattach the gums to the bone tissues. All procedures are performed under local anesthesia.
- It is recommended that patients come for periodic control every 3 to 6 months in case the disease recurs.
As a result of this whole treatment process, it is of great importance for the success of the treatment that the patient participates in the treatment by maintaining his oral health.