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One of the main purposes of dentistry is to leave the mouth in its natural state, but in some cases tooth extraction may be necessary. In particular, teeth that cannot be treated should be extracted in order not to threaten oral health.

Although tooth extraction is a feared procedure in general, it does not cause any painful conditions as it is applied by specialist dentists and oral surgeons with local anesthesia. If necessary, various bridge or filling applications can be applied to the empty area after tooth extraction.

In Which Situations Is Tooth Extraction Performed?

Tooth extraction is the separation of the tooth from its socket in the mouth, and in some cases it is a procedure that should be applied to maintain general oral health. Generally, caries and intraoral infections that are not intervened in time can progress and make the tooth unrecoverable. In such cases, it may be necessary to extract the tooth so that the infection in the tooth does not spread to other healthy teeth.

Common dental traumas and deep caries are the main causes of tooth extraction. If it is not possible to save the damaged teeth by any other method, the tooth must be extracted. In addition, wisdom teeth that have not been able to reach the gums and affect oral comfort should be extracted in some cases.

Other conditions that require tooth extraction are:

  • As a result of tooth decay and fracture, applications such as root canal treatment, filling and crown can be made. However, in cases where these methods are not sufficient, tooth extraction is preferred.
  • If the gum disease reaches the size that will damage the surrounding tissues, it may result in tooth extraction.
  • If there is a need for space in the mouth due to orthodontic treatment, the tooth can be extracted.
  • Some drugs used in the treatment of diseases such as chemotherapy and organ transplantation can threaten the immune system. In such cases, some teeth may need to be extracted to prevent dental infections.

How Is Tooth Extraction Applied?

Before tooth extraction, local anesthesia is given to the area and intraoral sensitivity is prevented. The amount of anesthesia applied may be higher in interventions that require deeper processing such as wisdom teeth. Then the gum and bone tissue are cut. Using appropriate tools, the tooth is moved back and forth and separated from the jawbone and ligaments that hold it in place. In some cases, the tooth can come out in one piece, while in others, partial extraction can be done. After extraction, bleeding and coagulation occurs in the area, a gauze pad is applied to the area and dissolvable stitches are placed on the gingival margins.

After Tooth Extraction

After tooth extraction, drugs can be used to prevent infection and pain in the area.

Usually, an antibiotic drug is applied to the extraction site, which takes the infection, in addition, it is recommended that the patient take oral medication.

In a few days, intraoral healing is completed and there are a few things to consider to reduce sensitivity during this time:

  • First of all, it is necessary to use the medicines recommended by the dentist regularly.
  • In order to reduce bleeding in the area and accelerate the formation of clots, a good tampon should be applied to the mouth after the procedure. The gauze placed on the area should be changed at regular intervals.
  • Extra attention should be paid to the foods consumed in the first 24 hours after the shooting. Soft foods such as soup, puree, pudding should be consumed. Recovery should be waited for 1-2 days to switch to solid foods.
  • Smoking should be suspended to accelerate recovery.
  • During sleep, the head should be supported by a pillow and kept in a high position.
  • The mouth should not be rinsed harshly, and severe force should not be applied to the area. Vigorous brushing of the teeth should be avoided.

Full recovery after extraction is usually complete within 1-2 weeks. During this period, the sensitivity and pain in the mouth also diminish over time. However, in cases of prolonged and ongoing pain or bleeding, a dentist should be consulted without delay.

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