If the cavities and cracks in the teeth are not treated, it can cause some or all of the teeth to break. This situation is called tooth fracture and causes various problems, especially pain and infection. These fractures, which are traumas in the mouth, can be large or small depending on the situation. The treatment of tooth fractures differs according to the shape of the fracture, the area of effect and the previous treatment methods applied in the region.
Types of Tooth Fractures
Fractures can be observed in the teeth for various reasons, and although this situation may seem uniform, it can occur in different ways. When there are different types of tooth fracture, tooth fracture treatment is also handled with different methods. Fracture types are basically listed as follows:
- Cracks that are not easily noticed and can be seen under purple light
- Fractures that extend vertically to the gum
- Deep fractures extending below the gum
- Fractures under the gum
- Fractures of the tooth tip
Detection of these fractures is ensured by regular dental check-ups. X-rays and existing infections are of great importance in determining which type of fracture the patient has.
Broken Tooth Treatment Methods
Since the fractures in the teeth can be of different types, the treatment methods also differ within themselves.
In some cases, filling applications for the broken tooth are therapeutic, while in some cases there is no other way than to extract the tooth.
The size of the broken tooth, the depth of the fracture, the area of influence and intraoral infections are factors that help determine the right treatment. The treatment methods applied are as follows:
Filling and Bonding Method
This method is preferred in cases where the size of the broken tooth is not large and allows the correction of small-diameter fractures and cracks in the tooth enamel. The application of filling material between small-sized fractures is sufficient for the treatment, while the Bonding method is preferred for fractures in the anterior teeth.
Broken Tooth Veneer Method
It is applied in large size tooth fractures, in cases where dental caries progresses inside the tooth. In this method, first a part of the tooth is chipped, then the file is covered. Thus, it is ensured that the tooth fracture is treated. Different materials such as porcelain, metal, ceramic and zirconium can be used for veneer.
Laminate Veneer Method
This method may be preferred if the broken teeth are located in the front of the mouth. With laminate veneer, which is a kind of veneer treatment, veneer materials closest to the natural tooth appearance are used. For this reason, it is widely recommended for anterior tooth fractures for people who want to achieve an aesthetically pleasing appearance.
Root Canal Treatment
If intraoral infections occur as a result of tooth fractures and it is not possible to treat the tooth with classical filling methods, root canal treatment, which is a method that is usually completed in two stages, is preferred. In this process, bruises, infections and bacteria in the mouth are cleaned first. The canals are placed by descending to the roots of the teeth and the canals are filled with filling material and closed.
What to Do in Tooth Fractures
Tooth fractures can occur as a result of sudden blows or due to insufficient care in oral care. These fractures, which reduce the comfort of life, are usually painful and traumatic, and in some cases, they are visually disturbing. For this reason, it is necessary to consult a specialist dentist immediately after realizing that there is a fracture in the mouth.